Computer Keyboard Layout

Updated: April 14, 2024


What is Keyboard Layout?

A keyboard layout refers to an arrangement of keys on a computer keyboard. Keys are positioned in a specific way and organized to type special characters, symbols, and commands. Different keyboard layouts are developed based on language, region, or user needs. For example, if Indian people want to write Hindi, they need a keyboard layout for Hindi typing. Understanding different keyboard layouts is vital for efficient typing and productivity. Many computer keyboard layouts exist, such as

  • QWERTY Layout
  • QWERTZ Layout
  • Programmer’s Dvorak Layout
  • AZERTY Layout
  • HCESAR Layout

Let’s start the journey of learning the layout of a computer keyboard.


The QWERTY layout is the most widely used keyboard for Latin-script alphabets. The top row of the keyboard’s first six letters inspired its name. Christopher Sholes created and patented this arrangement in 1878 for the Sholes and Glidden typewriter, which subsequently evolved into the Remington No. 1.

us computer keyboard layout

Early typewriters had mechanical keys that would often jam if adjacent keys were pressed quickly, so the layout designers separated commonly used letter pairs from opposite keyboard sides to prevent jamming. They intentionally placed frequently used letter combinations apart to slow down typing and reduce the likelihood of jams.


The QWERTZ keyboard layout is mainly used in Central Europe., especially in German nations, such as Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. It’s similar to the QWERTY layout but with a few key differences, notably the placement of the “Y” and “Z” keys, which are swapped compared to QWERTY.

Programmer’s Dvorak Layout

The Programmer’s Dvorak layout is a modified version of the Dvorak Simplified Keyboard layout, designed specifically for programmers and developers. It keeps many of the features of the original Dvorak layout, such as ergonomic key placement and optimized finger movement, but with some additional changes to the needs of programming tasks. 

computer keyboard layout uk


The AZERTY layout is a keyboard arrangement used mainly in French-speaking countries, including France, Belgium, and parts of Africa. Its name derives from the first six letters on the upper row of the keyboard, much like the QWERTY layout. 


The HCESAR layout is an alternative keyboard layout designed by Martin Krzywinski, a bioinformatics scientist. The name is taken from the first six letters in the top row of the keyboard, similar to QWERTY and other layouts. The HCESAR layout is optimized explicitly for bioinformatics tasks, where researchers often work with DNA and protein sequences and numerical data.

Conclusion Computer Keyboard Layout

Computer keyboard layouts decide how smoothly and comfortably we interact with computers and devices. Understanding the different keyboard layouts available can help individuals choose one that suits their needs and preferences, ultimately improving their typing speed, accuracy, and overall productivity. The correct keyboard layout can significantly affect daily computing tasks, whether a traditional QWERTY layout or a more specialized ergonomic design.

FAQS  (Frequently Asked Questions)

How Can I Type Faster on a Keyboard?

Several ways to improve your typing speed on a keyboard include practising regularly, online typing tutorials, and learning touch typing techniques.

What is the keyboard layout for Hindi typing?

The most commonly used keyboard layout for Hindi typing is the Inscript layout, which follows the traditional Hindi script.

Is there a keyboard with a Mac layout?

Yes, keyboards are available and designed explicitly with a Mac layout, including the placement of keys and shortcuts commonly used on Mac computers.

What is the difference between US and UK keyboard layouts?

The main difference between the US and UK keyboard layouts lies in the placement of certain characters and symbols, such as the “£” and “@” symbols, as well as the size and layout of certain keys.

What is the US keyboard layout?

The US keyboard layout is a standard keyboard layout commonly used in the United States. It features the QWERTY arrangement of keys along with specific keys for functions and symbols.

Is there a keyboard with a typewriter layout?

Yes, keyboards that mimic the layout and feel of traditional typewriter keyboards provide a retro typing experience.

Who is the founder of the keyboard?

The keyboard’s invention was Christopher Latham Sholes, who developed the first practical typewriter in the 1870s.

What is the German keyboard layout?

The German keyboard layout features the QWERTZ arrangement of keys, with specific keys for German special characters such as “ß” and umlauts.

What is the function of a keyboard in a computer?

Users can use the keyboard to enter text, commands, and other data into a computer by pressing keys, enabling communication and interaction with the system.

What are guide keys on a keyboard?

Guide keys are special keys that provide users with visual references for key placement and alignment, helping them navigate and use the keyboard more efficiently.

What is the name of the symbol keyboard?

The symbol keyboard is also known as the “character map” or “keyboard viewer” on some operating systems, allowing users to access and insert different symbols and characters.

How are keyboards designed?

Keyboards are designed with a specific layout of keys, considering user comfort, key spacing, and the arrangement of keys for optimal typing efficiency.

How many keys are on a standard keyboard?

A standard keyboard typically has 104 keys, including alphabetical, numeric, function, and special keys for shortcuts.

Is there a way to use a keyboard online?

Of Course, online keyboard tools and virtual keyboards allow users to type and input text using a keyboard.

What are keyboard letters?

Keyboard letters refer to the alphabetical keys on a keyboard used to type letters of the alphabet, form words, and input text into a computer.

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